Bridging Generational Gaps within the Practice of Architecture

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Generational Gaps Architecture for Young Architect

By Luke Arehart

There is a Grand Canyon-esque divide that exists between the baby boomer and millennial generations. The Great Recession in the late 2000’s is mostly responsible for creating this gap that seemingly skips over an entire generational category, Gen X. This void has limited the amount of transitional opportunities between generational groups leading to the necessity of creative techniques to bridge the gap.

Tell me if this transition sounds familiar. You leave architecture school – a place of designing to imaginary budgets, clients and constraints, where you learn about Koolhaas and Zumthor while pondering the philosophical and existential qualities of charred wood – and move into a job where you work on handrail details for weeks on end. How can this cliff of a transition be bridged?

Current principals and firm owners have paid their dues for many years and have worked effectively, diligently and meticulously toward truly understanding the practice of architecture. Those hard lessons learned over time however, are sometimes not easily parted with or readily shared. There also seems to exist curiosity along with some undertones of suspicion when new aspiring architects or “interns” enter the work force alongside established baby boomers. For the most part, baby boomers appear to want millennials to learn and gain experience in the same fashion that they did when they were coming up. This can create some resentment toward those that didn’t have to hand-letter annotations for example. Perhaps this stems mostly from the often un-communicated expectations and assumptions that each group has for the other. I think it boils down to two ways of doing things that could be a touch too far apart on the generational spectrum of core values and abilities; so what happens to the profession of architecture? How does it evolve? Can it evolve?

Today’s young architect comes out of school armed with technological knowledge unmatched by any group before them. From 3D printing to the newest innovations in building science and sustainability. These freshly minted architecture grads have been experimenting for the last five years, which in turn represents a wealth of knowledge and opportunities for those available to listen. This new energy amongst millenials complements the vast amount of knowledge and experience that the baby boomers have accumulated. The trick is to find the optimal combination of the two generational camps – it doesn’t need to be all of one or the other.

One specific arrangement that works toward this combination, is the Apprenticeship Model. An apprenticeship is where someone takes a vested interest in your development and does their best to ensure that you are as successful as possible in your own budding career. This model helps bridge this specific gap between generations while percolating and benefitting from the eagerness and energy of the millennial against the knowledge and practice of the boomer.

This is a far cry from what is sometimes experienced now which can sound like: “Can you teach me how to…” “Shouldn’t you have learned that in school?” This is a disconnect.

The cost benefit of an apprenticeship needs to make sense to firm owners and those that are experienced. Where firm owners might think “millennials are lazy and don’t want to work hard.” The reality is that they want to work hard but also want to be invited to the table as part of the discussion. They want the chance to add value and show their worth. It is important to find an avenue to let this eagerness and (in)experience add value. Sharing now helps smooth the baton-passing transition later.

The unfortunate flip side to the apprenticeship model is keeping valuable knowledge “tight-lipped” and unshared. Granted it’s understandable to want every advantage possible in this competitive industry, the reluctance to share is a detriment to all. Perhaps during the Great Recession, licensed architects were rightfully mostly preoccupied about their own skin and practice to offer time and energy to share opportunities an offer apprenticeship to others. But, this trend, among others, is responsible for forever altering that particular group of Great Recession era recent grads, laid off professionals and the future of the practice of architecture.

It’s time to recognize that a post-recession win-win scenario is available and possible.

If we collectively can’t recognize this new win-win scenario, these two generational groups could prove to be too different in values and process and an imminent abrupt shift becomes more likely – to officially usher in a new way of doing things all at once – creating a group that no longer waits their turn to be handed something, but instead, takes it.

The path to licensure has become less aligned with the available choices of practice to today’s architect. The process that once rang true and applicable, does not anymore for this new, modern crop of divergent-architects. The current set-up/system to “elevate the standing of the profession” needs to evolve to include new opportunities for those educated and interested in architecture. Without support and guidance from those already in the profession, different sub cultures and groups are popping-out and trying to find meaning against what they learned in school to discovering what is ultimately available to them out the “real world.”

Unfortunately, there do not exist very many shepherds to help this crop of transitional architects make the actual transition into the profession at the exact point that it is needed most. Perhaps this is by design. This happens to be the specific gap where individuals don’t have much buying power. They are between their college professors/student-loan rich educational experience and the entry-level intern salary, which is $0 per hour in some cases. Without money for tuition or membership dues, who is going to take you under their wing on their own dime? You have to get creative and forge your own way.

Thankfully, today’s architecture grad is optimistic and geared toward the previously mentioned win-win scenario of sharing and collaboration to achieve the best solution and product possible when aligned and guided under their knowledgeable/experienced baby boomer counterpart.

An exciting hybrid that I’ve seen that is bridging between boomers and millenials; is someone that works very hard to respect the past and pay their dues to build a foundation all while showing a distinct interest in the disruption of the dogma created by the establishment. The dichotomy within these individuals is envious and interesting.

One great case study of this type of hybrid, and an answer to this divide, is this blog’s very own creator, Michael Riscica. I know Michael as a very intelligent, hard working dynamo. He put in his time at some notable architecture firms around the city and recently wrapped up his fourth year as an architect with the City of Portland to start his own firm Michael Riscica Architecture (MRA). He is a licensed architect, which means he sat down and grinded until that goal was achieved; a journey documented nicely on this very website. If you know Michael, you know he has CRAZY HUSTLE. My favorite definition of hustle is: one who does so many things that people can only wonder how that is accomplished in the same amount of time that they have… He publishes his own books, invents educational programs, bikes across the country, gets certified as a yoga instructor all while taking meetings, inspiring others, volunteering in the classroom and networking at various events across Portland and the nation. This guy cooks, and it is illustrative of this type hybrid – the grounding and work ethic of a boomer with the dreams and innovation of a millennial. This is a great example of an unwavering practice of making a plan, sticking to it and executing – every day.

We can bridge this generational gap together, collaboratively. We give a little in the hopes to get a lot. Millennials offer up patience and Baby Boomers offer up trust. We celebrate each other's positives and forgive the negatives. We simultaneously recognize experience and expertise with energy and innovation, together. We communicate expectations openly and don’t get frustrated at hiccups along the way. In short, bridging the generational gap in architecture is about acknowledging, respecting and working within the abilities and limitations of both groups!

About Luke Arehart:
Luke Arehart's picture for Young Architect

Luke earned his degree in architecture from Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo in 2010. Luke and his wife Lindsey live in North Portland with their ten-month old baby girl, Ruby Carmen. He writes the Architect’s Questionnaire series for, as well as volunteers for the Architects in Schools program through the Architecture Foundation or Oregon.

You can connect with Luke further at:


Michael Riscica

Michael Riscica is a Licensed Architect, and the creator of Young Architect, an online platform and community dedicated to helping the next generation of Architects become the most successful generation of Architects. 
Connect: Linkedin / Facebook / Instagram

Hi there!

I’m Michael Riscica, the guy behind Young Architect. I write to help Architecture students, ARE Candidates and Young Architecture Professionals be more successful at school, work and life!


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